Professor Zhang Aihua, an expert in boarder management, has called for the need to sensitize border residents to volunteer information on illegal activities along countries borders to security agencies.
He said that the information they provide, will be key in crime control and prevention along the various entry point of their countries.
Professor Aiahua made the call at a five weeks training program on law enforcement and public safety organized by the China Ministry of Commerce for Ghanaian security agencies at the Yunnan Police College in China.
The program was aimed at enhancing law enforcement and public safety in Ghana, promote bilateral relation and cooperation among the two countries, as well as accelerating human resource development.
According to him, China which shares boarder with fourteen countries had developed a special travelling document that regulates the movement of the members of these counties without compromising on its security.
He emphasized on the need for close corporation and collaboration among the various security agencies at countries port of entry to reduce cross boarder crime and illegal smuggling of arms and narcotics.
Professor Zahang Jiazhong an expert in explosives, indicated that, danger exists in explosive manufacturing, sales, transportation, blasting operation and its storage adding that, if it falls in criminals hand, it will be a threat to public security and people’s safety.
He observed that, as explosive for civilian use offers a lot for countries economic and employment benefit, adequate legal framework must be put in place to regulate it use, calling on countries to include these measures in their arms control list.
In all, twenty participants drawn from the various security agencies under the Ministry of Interior attended the program.
They include the Police service, the immigration, Fire service, the Prisons, the National Commission for Small Arms and Light Weapons and some officers from the Ministry of Interior. Chief Superintendent of Prison Mr. Ohene M. Dodoo who led the team from Ghana, commended the Chines Government for the gesture to train Ghanaian law enforcement officers and called for more of such collaboration.
The Participant were awarded certificates at the end of the programme.
A baseline survey conducted by the Kofi Annan International Peace Keeping and Training Center in 2014, has estimated that, there were over two million illicit small arms circulating in the country.
The availability of these small arms continues to fuel communal, land, chieftaincy and political violence in the country.
According to statistics from the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) of the Ghana Police Service, ninety percent of the armed robbery and murder were committed with small arms manufactured by local blacksmiths.
Under the criminal code it is a criminal offence to manufacture small arms or any of its accessary.
Blacksmith industries which were licensed to repair weapons, had perfected the act of manufacturing of small arms through the process of repairs.
This weapons are being manufactured illegally and used in committing various crimes.
The porous nature of the Country’s borders and the activities of smugglers at the borders had also not helped in the fight against the proliferation of small arms and light weapons in the country.
The ECOWAS convention on small arms and light weapons mandates the Ghana National Commission on Small Arms and Light Weapons to put in place adequate measures to address the illicit proliferation of small arms in the country.
It is against this background that the Ghana National Commission on Small Arms and Light Weapon, and the Ministry of the Interior have arranged for this International capacity building programme for the various security agencies under the ministry to expose them to new trends of fighting proliferation of small arms circulation in the Country.